Published on Aug 25, 2020

Chameleon Background Images

License Info: Creative Commons 4.0 BY-NC

The word Chameleon in Ancient Greek (Khamaileon) means “Ground (khamai) Lion (-leon)”. Chameleons are specially adapted and are located in various parts of Africa, Madagascar, Spain, Portugal, South Asia and have been introduced to Hawaii and California.

The Chameleon is distinctively well known for its ability to change colour, however this is not for camouflage purposes, but instead is a way of communication. This is done by the shifting of cells (chromatophores) in specially designed pigment layers. Chameleons are believed to be deaf due to the lack of an outer/middle ear, although some chameleons are thought to be able to sense vibrations through solid objects, as a form of communication and is also used for hunting.

They have a very long and sticky tongue with incredibly powerful jaws; even young chameleons can eat very large insects. Chameleons posses stereoscopic eyes, allowing them to have a 360-degree view of their surroundings; when prey is sighted, they can focus both eyes on it which helps creates a sense of depth and distance. Their tail is also quite notable for its “curly” shape, as it is used for grasping and balancing. Most Chameleons are carnivores and will solely live off insects and other small creatures. However, some species of Chameleon are omnivores, and tend to enjoy the occasional vegetation.

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