Published on Jul 19, 2018

Chameleon White Background Images

License Info: Creative Commons 4.0 BY-NC

Chameleons are lizards with many fascinating traits. There are several different types of chameleons. In accordance with the current classification, there are more than 160 different types of chameleons. Most chameleons from Africa and a small island off the coast of Africa, called Madagascar. There are also several chameleons born in Europe, such as Spain and Portugal, as well as some regions of Asia. They have also been introduced to Hawaii. They tend to live in a warm climate from rain forests to deserts. Chameleons are truly unique creatures. Thanks to the evolution, they have developed many interesting features.

One of those features is the ability to move the eyes independently of one another. The eye may look beside or behind, while the other eye looks at them. This function allows the chameleons to have a 360-degree view around them. Contrary to belief, chameleons do not change their color to merge with their background. They are naturally camouflaged because of their colors. Usually the green color to match the tree tops.

However, they change color by brightening or darkening their skin, but this is based on temperature regulation or emotional changes such as stress or fear. Chameleons are arboreal, which means that they stay on trees for most of their life. They have strong legs that are grip like vices. Chameleons are didactyl. They have five toe on each leg, but they are connected by a group of two and a group of three. This makes their legs look like tongs. Each toe has a sharp claw.


They also use their long tail to help with balance and climbing. Chameleons have a rather unusual tongue. Their tongue ​​consist of bones, muscles and tendons. Most chameleons can stick out on their tongue and a half times its body. They use this nutritional function. They can grab their tongue for only a split second to catch their food. The tip of the tongue is also very sticky. Chameleons vary greatly in size.

The smallest chameleon is about 1.3 inches, and the largest at 27 inches. Many chameleons show some time on the head or facial ornamentation, such as nasalnasal protrusions or horns or large crests above their heads. Most chameleons are oviparous (egg laying), while others are ovoviviparous (live birth). After about 3-6 weeks, oat chameleons descend on branches and dig a hole to lay eggs. Eggs will hatch from 4 to 12 months depending on the species. Ovoviviparous Chameleons give birth between from 5 to 6 months.

Chameleons mostly eat insects, such as locusts, grasshoppers, crickets, cockroaches and mantis. It is known that some large chameleons eat small birds and other lizards. Chameleons do not seem to recognize standing water, so they tend to drink water from the leaves. Chameleons are really beautiful creatures with many interesting features. Chameleons are still one of the most fascinating lizards in the world.

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