Published on Jun 2, 2017

Rice White Background Images

License Info: Creative Commons 4.0 BY-NC

Rice is one of the most widely used food crops in the world. This cereal food grain gives nourishment to more than half of the world’s population. In fact, this staple food provides more than one-fifth of the calories consumed by people around the world. India is the second largest rice producer after China, which represents about 104.32 million tons of production in the world. Rice is grown in winter and summer, and every year more than 4000 varieties of rice grow.

Rice is defined as the grain of cereals belonging to the seeds of the herbs “Poaceae.” Rice refers to two types of Poaceae crop, namely: “Oryza Sativa” and “Oryza.” The rice plant grows 2-6 feet, a straight stem and long, pointed and flat leaves. It has a stem of bearing flowers that produce a grain of rice. The rice plant needs both warmth and moisture for proper development. The rice is usually grown as an annual plant, although in some tropical regions it has grown as a perennial plant. It is believed that one of the few crops that is not gluten-free and not allergic.

In third world nations and developing countries, rice is one of the most common crops. In fact, rice is one of the oldest cereals, cultivated by humans. The earliest forms of rice are grown in China about 5000 years ago. Since this is one of the main food supplement, it is cultivated commercially as a cash crop in many regions of the world.


The rice is very nutritious and contains many nutrients to ensure the energy and vitality of our body. Rice is a rich source of carbohydrates and an important source of energy in the body for proper development. Rice is also low in fat, salt and cholesterol and, thus, helps keep the heart healthy.

As mentioned above, India is the second largest rice producer in the world. The Rich soil of India is known for the production of some of the best varieties of rice. Basmati is world famous for its unique smell, and delicate taste and Indian basmati rice is highly valued in the global market.

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