The spiculation sign is the main feature to distinguish benign pulmonary nodules from malignant ones. It is defined as a radial and unbranched stripe shadow extending from the boundary of a pulmonary nodule to the surrounding pulmonary parenchyma. Can lung nodules grow and not be cancerous? The commonly called “spotRead More →

The fissure extends on the left from the tip of the spinous process of the T3 vertebra inferiorly around the thorax to the level of sixth costochondral junction anteriorly. In taking this route, the approximate path of the sixth rib is followed. What is oblique fissure and horizontal fissure? EachRead More →

Hilar adenopathy is the enlargement of lymph nodes in the hilum. It can be caused by conditions such as tuberculosis, sarcoidosis, drug reactions, infections, or cancer. Can lymph nodes be removed in lung cancer? Lymph Node Removal in Treating Patients With Stage I or Stage II Non-small Cell Lung Cancer.Read More →

Many proteases are involved in the inflammatory process of COPD and responsible for the destruction of elastin fibers in the lung parenchyma, therefore, identification of those enzymes and other inflammatory mediators as well as understanding their interactions are important for the development of anti-inflammatory … What do Antiproteases do? AntiproteasesRead More →

Summary Each lung is divided into lobes. The bronchial tree running through your lungs is made up of the windpipe, bronchi, bronchioles, and alveoli. Where are lungs located in back? Your lungs sit within your rib cage. The top of your lungs peak just above your collarbone (clavicle). At yourRead More →

Obstruction is often reversible, either spontaneously or with treatment’ (National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute, and National Institutes of Health, 1992). Which pulmonary disease can actually be reversible? COPD and asthma are both obstructive lung diseases marked by shortness of breath but asthma is by definition reversible while with COPDRead More →

The Tibetan term rlung is rendered into English both as ‘wind’ and as ‘vital energy’, and has a host of meanings. Rlung also refers to outer wind, or breeze, as well as to the air. What is Wind Horse Shambhala? The wind horse is a symbol of the human soulRead More →

Silicosis is a long-term lung disease caused by inhaling large amounts of crystalline silica dust, usually over many years. Silica is a substance naturally found in certain types of stone, rock, sand and clay. Working with these materials can create a very fine dust that can be easily inhaled. IsRead More →

Blebs may be present on an individual’s lung (or lungs) for a long time before they rupture. Many things can cause a bleb to rupture, such as changes in air pressure or a very sudden deep breath. Can smoking cause blisters? Tobacco stomatitis, or smoker’s palate, is inflammation of mucusRead More →

Lung cancer originates in your lungs but can spread through your body. It’s diagnosed by a cell analysis in a lab. Cancer treatments like chemotherapy and radiation can lower your WBC count, which can increase your infection risk. Your doctor will monitor your blood count levels and adjust treatment asRead More →