What Are The 3 Major Branches Of The Abdominal Aorta?

Here, we present a unique case with 5 branches of the aortic arch (AA), namely the right common carotid artery, left common carotid artery, left thyrocervical trunk, left subclavian artery and right subclavian artery (RSA), from right to left.

What do you call the branches of aorta?

The arch of the aorta has three branches: the brachiocephalic artery (which divides into right common carotid artery and the right subclavian artery), the left common carotid artery, and the left subclavian artery.

What are the lateral branches of the abdominal aorta?

The lateral branches are the renal and middle adrenal arteries (Table 10-1). The posterior branches are the lumbar arteries (one pair for each lumbar vertebra) and the middle sacral artery (arising at the aortic bifurcation).

What are the branches of the abdominal aorta?

There are five arteries that branch from the abdominal aorta: the celiac artery, the superior mesenteric artery, the inferior mesenteric artery, the renal arteries and the iliac arteries. … The end of the abdominal aorta branches into the iliac arteries, which supply blood to the legs and the organs in the pelvis.

What are the parietal branches of the abdominal aorta?

Parietal Branches

  • Inferior phrenic artery → phrenic and supra-renal branch.
  • Renal artery → ureteric and supra-renal branch → apical, upper, middle, lower and posterior branches.
  • Gonadal artery.
  • Lumbar arteries.
  • Spinal arteries.
  • Common iliac artery.

Which of the following branches of the abdominal aorta are paired?

The branches of the abdominal aorta: Paired branches: the middle adrenal, renal, gonadal, inferior phrenic, and lumbar arteries. Unpaired branches: the coeliac, superior mesenteric, inferior mesenteric, and median sacral arteries.

What are the first branches of the aorta?

The convexity of the aortic arch gives off three branches; the brachiocephalic trunk, the left common carotid artery and the left subclavian artery. Brachiocephalic trunk: also called the brachiocephalic artery, is the first and largest artery that branches off the aortic arch.

How do you remember abdominal aorta branches?

Coeliac Trunk (T12) Superior Mesenteric Artery (L1) Inferior Mesenteric Artery (L3)



3 paired lateral Visceral branches of Abdominal Aorta include:

  1. Middle Suprarenal(L1)
  2. Renal (between L1 and L2)
  3. Gonadal (L2)

What are the major branches of the abdominal aorta from superior to inferior quizlet?

Terms in this set (13)

celiac, superior mesenteric, renal, gonadal and inferior mesenteric arteries.

What are capillaries?

Capillaries are small, thin blood vessels that connect the arteries and the veins. Their thin walls allow oxygen, nutrients, carbon dioxide and waste products to pass to and from the tissue cells.

Which of the following is a branch of the ascending aorta?

The only branches of the ascending aorta are the coronary arteries, which arise just where it starts. The arch of the aorta makes a complete 180º turn. Beneath the arch of the aorta is the pulmonary trunk, dividing into the two pulmonary arteries: here’s the left one. This is the ligamentum arteriosum.

What are the three unpaired branches of abdominal aorta?

The branches of the abdominal aorta include three major unpaired trunks (celiac trunk, superior mesenteric, inferior mesenteric arteries), six paired branches, and an unpaired median sacral artery.

What is the first branch of the abdominal aorta?

The first and often largest visceral branch of the abdominal aorta is the celiac trunk. The celiac trunk quickly bifurcates or trifurcates into branches. The main branches are the common hepatic and splenic arteries, and, in the case of a trifurcation, the left gastric artery (see Figure 19).

What are the branches of the superior mesenteric artery?

The distal branches of the superior mesenteric artery (right colic, ileocolic, and middle colic) and the inferior mesenteric artery (sigmoid and left colic) supply the colon. They are also connected to each other by an intricate arterial arcade along the mesenteric border known as the Marginal Artery of Drummond.

What are the branches of this artery that provide the blood supply of the stomach?

The stomach is supplied by a rich system of arteries derived from the celiac trunk, the first major visceral branch of the abdominal aorta. The lesser curvature of the stomach is supplied by the left and right gastric artery, which are branches of the celiac trunk and the common hepatic artery respectively.

What are the three branches of the aortic arch quizlet?

Has 3 branches called brachiocephalic, common carotid artery, and subclavian artery.

What are the first branches of the aorta quizlet?

Terms in this set (9)

  • brachiocephalic trunk. first branch of the aortic arch that quickly branches into two arteries.
  • right subclavian and right common carotid artery. …
  • right upper limb. …
  • right side of the head and neck. …
  • left common carotid artery. …
  • left subclavian artery. …
  • brachiocephalic trunk. …
  • left common carotid artery.

What are the parietal branches of the abdominal aorta quizlet?

Which parietal artery is the 1st paired branch off the abdominal aorta?



  • Proper Hepatic Artery – supplies liver, gallbladder, stomach.
  • Right Gastric Artery – supplies stomach.
  • Gastroduodenal Artery – supplies stomach, duodenum, pancreas, omentum.

Which of the following is a paired branch of the abdominal aorta quizlet?

What are the three groups of paired Visceral Branches of abdominal aorta? Suprarenal (or adrenal) arteries, Renal arteries, Gonadal (ovarian or testicular) arteries.

What are parietal branches?

The parietal branch is a small artery in the head. It is larger than the frontal branch and curves upward and backward on the side of the head, lying superficial to the temporal fascia, and anastomosing with its fellow of the opposite side, and with the posterior auricular andoccipital arteries.

Which of the branches of the abdominal aorta is considered the most superior?

The abdominal aorta is clinically divided into 2 segments: The suprarenal abdominal or paravisceral segment, inferior to the diaphragm but superior to the renal arteries. The Infrarenal segment, inferior to the renal arteries and superior to the iliac bifurcation.

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