What Jurisdiction Does Magistrate Court Have?

The Magistrates Court operates under the Magistrates Court Act 1930. The Act provides the Court with summary jurisdiction to hear both civil and criminal matters. This means that the authority of the Court to hear matters is limited to those areas specified in the Act.

What is the jurisdiction of the Magistrates Court UK?

In England and Wales, a magistrates’ court is a lower court which holds trials for summary offences and preliminary hearings for more serious ones. Some civil matters are also decided here, notably family proceedings.

How are magistrates in SC appointed and what jurisdiction do they have?

There are approximately 311 magistrates in South Carolina, each serving the county for which he or she is appointed. They are appointed by the Governor upon the advice and consent of the Senate for four year terms and until their successors are appointed and qualified.

What kind of cases do magistrates deal with?

Magistrates are trained, unpaid members of their local community, who work part-time and deal with less serious criminal cases, such as minor theft, criminal damage, public disorder and motoring offences.

How are magistrates selected?

There are usually two interviews and the Advisory Committee appointed by the Lord Chancellor are responsible for making sure that magistrates are drawn from many walks of life and are representative of their local community. … Each magistrate is assigned to serve in a petty sessions area within the commission area.

How do you address a magistrate in court UK?

The lead magistrate, known as the Presiding Justice or chair, is formally addressed in court as “sir” or “madam” or “your worship”, and the magistrates collectively as “your worships”. In law reports, they are referred to as “John Smith JP” (for justice of the peace).

How many magistrates are in a court?

What is a magistrate? Magistrates (also called Justices of the Peace) are ordinary people who hear cases in court in their community. They sit in benches of three, including two ‘wingers’ and one who sits in the centre who has received special training to act as chair, known as the Presiding Justice.

Who decides the verdict in a magistrates court?

At trial in the magistrates’ court the verdict of ‘guilty’ or ‘not guilty’ is decided by the magistrates or District Judge. Where the trial is heard by magistrates, there must be at least two magistrates hearing the trial and each has an equal vote. There are no juries in the magistrates’ court.

What happens if you plead guilty in a magistrates court?

Pleading guilty means that you admit you did the crime. If you plead guilty, the court will decide what should happen next, which could be a fine or a prison sentence.

Is Crown Court higher than magistrates?

All criminal cases will begin in the magistrates’ court and only a small percentage of the most serious ones will be referred to the higher, Crown Court. … No jury is involved in the magistrates’ court. The Crown Court. If you have committed a more serious offence you will be sent to the Crown Court for trial.

What are the 4 types of jurisdiction?


There are four main types of jurisdiction (arranged from greatest Air Force authority to least): (1) exclusive federal jurisdiction; (2) concurrent federal jurisdic- tion; (3) partial federal jurisdiction; and (4) proprietary jurisdiction.

How do you determine jurisdiction of court?

The basis to determine jurisdiction

Jurisdiction is determined mainly on the grounds of: Fiscal value; Geographical boundaries of a court; The subject matter of court.

How much do magistrates get paid?

As of 2019, judges, magistrate judges and magistrates made a mean annual magistrate salary of $128,550, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS).

What are the 6 key qualities of magistrates?

19.2 The six key qualities sought in those applying to become magistrates are, good character, understanding and communication, social awareness, maturity and sound temperament, sound judgment and commitment and reliability (see section 6).

What power does a magistrate have?

Magistrates sit in the Local Court and are often responsible for presiding over a large number of cases on any single day. They may hear applications for adjournments, decide penalties where a person pleads guilty or decide whether a person is guilty if they choose to challenge the case.

Do I need a solicitor at a magistrates court?

Legal Representation. You should attend the Magistrates’ Court in good time for your hearing. It is best to have a solicitor represent you if possible. … For instance, if you are likely to go to prison if found guilty, you will get legal aid.

How much does a magistrate earn UK?

The average magistrate salary in the United Kingdom is £54,695 per year or £28.05 per hour. Entry level positions start at £45,945 per year while most experienced workers make up to £77,500 per year.

Can a solicitor become a magistrate?

Qualified lawyers can become magistrates, though individuals in some professions – like the police – cannot. … In addition, magistrates can sit with a legally qualified circuit judge in the Crown Court during appeals.

What are the disadvantages of magistrates?


  • Not representative – similar criticisms to judiciary being from middle-class and professional backgrounds.
  • Inconsistent – Magistrates can be slow to reach a decision often retiring to consider their verdict where a professional district judge would come to a decision straight away.

How long is magistrates training?

A magistrate undergoes mandatory training of about 3 and a half days before sitting in court, and will be allocated a mentor for their first year. After a magistrate has sat for 12 months, they will be regularly appraised by specially-trained magistrates.

What should I expect at a magistrates interview?

During the first interview you will be asked questions around your ability to commit to the role and also whether your character is suitable for the position you have applied for. Being a magistrate is a highly responsible role and the Local Advisory Committee will want to see that you are fit to serve.

Do all cases go to magistrates court first?

All cases start at the Magistrates’ Court but at their first appearance a defendant facing an indictable only offence will simply be sent directly to the Crown Court.

Do all crimes go to court?

Only serious offences where there is sufficient evidence will end up in court. These types of cases must be referred to the Crown Prosecution Service (CPS) to make a Charging Decision. Court action only occurs once an offender has been charged or summoned with an offence to appear in court.

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