What Was Edmund Husserl Known For?

What Was Edmund Husserl Known For?

Husserl argued that transcendental-phenomenological idealism did not deny the actual existence of the real world, but sought instead to clarify the sense of this world (which everyone accepts) as actually existing.

What is Husserl phenomenology?

Husserl defined phenomenology as “the science of the essence of consciousness”, centered on the defining trait of intentionality, approached explicitly “in the first person”.

Did Husserl read Hegel?

There is no evidence in Husserl’s voluminous writings that he ever seriously attempted to read Hegel. … He often wrote and lectured about Hegel, whom, during his Nazi period, he assimilated to his own vision of the Nazi view of the total state.

What should I read before Husserl?

If you really want to understand Husserl, start with Ideas I. You don’t need to read the whole book, but should read, say, §1-7, §19 §24 of Part I. Then read all of Part II, and the first three chapters of Part III.

What are the 2 types of reduction in phenomenology?

The phenomenological reduction is the technique whereby this stripping away occurs; and the technique itself has two moments: the first Husserl names epoché, using the Greek term for abstention, and the second is referred to as the reduction proper, an inquiring back into consciousness.

What is the main point of phenomenology?

Phenomenology, a philosophical movement originating in the 20th century, the primary objective of which is the direct investigation and description of phenomena as consciously experienced, without theories about their causal explanation and as free as possible from unexamined preconceptions and presuppositions.

What is an example of phenomenology?

Phenomenology is the philosophical study of observed unusual people or events as they appear without any further study or explanation. An example of phenomenology is studying the green flash that sometimes happens just after sunset or just before sunrise.

When should phenomenology be used?

Phenomenology helps us to understand the meaning of people’s lived experience. A phenomenological study explores what people experienced and focuses on their experience of a phenomena.

What is self according to Husserl?

On the one hand, Husserl speaks about the self (“the monad”) as the experienced totality of one’s life. … Within it, we can abstractively distinguish constitutive levels, all the way down to the pre-egological flow of time-consciousness, quite unlike our ordinary experiences of ourselves.

Who introduced the concept of life-world?

Edmund Husserl introduced the concept of the lifeworld in his The Crisis of European Sciences and Transcendental Phenomenology (1936):

What is the natural attitude according to Husserl?

When Husserl uses the word “natural” to describe this attitude, he doesn’t mean that it is “good” (or bad), he means simply that this way of seeing reflects an “everyday” or “ordinary” way of being-in-the-world. … From a phenomenological perspective, this naturalizing attitude conceals a profound naïveté.

Is Husserl an existentialist?

But Husserl’s discovery about the individual philosopher’s relation to the philosophical tradition—namely, that it is always mediated by a kind of “poetic invention”—undermines his conviction that philosophy can be a scientific tradition. This is Husserl’s “existentialism.”

What did Husserl mean by transcendental?

By transcendental phenomenology we refer primarily to the work of Edmund Husserl and his early assistants Edith Stein and Eugen Fink. … Husserl often used the words “transcendental” and “phenomenology” interchangeably to describe the special method of the eidetic reduction by means of which the phenomena are described.

What is Husserl’s point of view regards to consciousness?

Husserl’s approach is to study the units of consciousness that the respective speaker presents himself as having—that he “gives voice to”—in expressing the proposition in question (for instance, while writing a mathematical textbook or giving a lecture).

What are the key characteristics of phenomenology?

Phenomenology as a method has four characteristics, namely descriptive, reduction, essence and intentionality. to investigate as it happens. observations and ensure that the form of the description as the things themselves.

How phenomenology can help us?

Phenomenological research helps us understand what it is like to experience a specific situation or life event. By describing the stories of people who actually lived through a particular experience and their perceptions of it, your research can cut to the heart of what it was truly like.

What is the use of phenomenology in your life?

Phenomenology approach is used to collect data and understand a phenomenon based on a person’s everyday life experience (Priest 2002). According to (Byrne 2001) , ‘as qualitative researchers, phenomenologist must follow an organized approach to answering their research question’.

What is the concept of phenomenology?

Phenomenology is a philosophy of experience. … The task of the philosopher, according to phenomenology, is to describe the structures of experience, in particular consciousness, the imagination, relations with other persons, and the situatedness of the human subject in society and history.

What is phenomenology method?

The phenomenological method aims to describe, understand and interpret the meanings of experiences of human life. It focuses on research questions such as what it is like to experience a particular situation. … Phenomenology has roots in both philosophy and psychology.

What is the opposite of phenomenology?

ontology, phenomenology – Ontology is the branch of metaphysics concerned with the nature or essence of being or existence, the opposite of phenomenology, the science of phenomena.

What is the method of phenomenological reduction?

Phenomenology uses the reduction to entirely set aside existential questions and shift from existential affirmation or negation to description. It is a method involving a bracketing or parenthesizing (in German: “Einklammerung”) of something that had formerly been taken for granted in the natural attitude.

What is the two types of reduction?

As described in the example above, there are two main types of reductions used in computational complexity, the many-one reduction and the Turing reduction.

What is the types of reduction?

There are two reduction methods: Direct reduction where every fragment under direct vision is restored. Indirect reduction where the direction is done without direct view on the fracture.

Husserl argued that transcendental-phenomenological idealism did not deny the actual existence of the real world, but sought instead to clarify the sense of this world (which everyone accepts) as actually existing.

What is Husserl phenomenology?

Husserl defined phenomenology as “the science of the essence of consciousness”, centered on the defining trait of intentionality, approached explicitly “in the first person”.

Did Husserl read Hegel?

There is no evidence in Husserl’s voluminous writings that he ever seriously attempted to read Hegel. … He often wrote and lectured about Hegel, whom, during his Nazi period, he assimilated to his own vision of the Nazi view of the total state.

What should I read before Husserl?

If you really want to understand Husserl, start with Ideas I. You don’t need to read the whole book, but should read, say, §1-7, §19 §24 of Part I. Then read all of Part II, and the first three chapters of Part III.

What are the 2 types of reduction in phenomenology?

The phenomenological reduction is the technique whereby this stripping away occurs; and the technique itself has two moments: the first Husserl names epoché, using the Greek term for abstention, and the second is referred to as the reduction proper, an inquiring back into consciousness.

What is the main point of phenomenology?

Phenomenology, a philosophical movement originating in the 20th century, the primary objective of which is the direct investigation and description of phenomena as consciously experienced, without theories about their causal explanation and as free as possible from unexamined preconceptions and presuppositions.

What is an example of phenomenology?

Phenomenology is the philosophical study of observed unusual people or events as they appear without any further study or explanation. An example of phenomenology is studying the green flash that sometimes happens just after sunset or just before sunrise.

When should phenomenology be used?

Phenomenology helps us to understand the meaning of people’s lived experience. A phenomenological study explores what people experienced and focuses on their experience of a phenomena.

What is self according to Husserl?

On the one hand, Husserl speaks about the self (“the monad”) as the experienced totality of one’s life. … Within it, we can abstractively distinguish constitutive levels, all the way down to the pre-egological flow of time-consciousness, quite unlike our ordinary experiences of ourselves.

Who introduced the concept of life-world?

Edmund Husserl introduced the concept of the lifeworld in his The Crisis of European Sciences and Transcendental Phenomenology (1936):

What is the natural attitude according to Husserl?

When Husserl uses the word “natural” to describe this attitude, he doesn’t mean that it is “good” (or bad), he means simply that this way of seeing reflects an “everyday” or “ordinary” way of being-in-the-world. … From a phenomenological perspective, this naturalizing attitude conceals a profound naïveté.

Is Husserl an existentialist?

But Husserl’s discovery about the individual philosopher’s relation to the philosophical tradition—namely, that it is always mediated by a kind of “poetic invention”—undermines his conviction that philosophy can be a scientific tradition. This is Husserl’s “existentialism.”

What did Husserl mean by transcendental?

By transcendental phenomenology we refer primarily to the work of Edmund Husserl and his early assistants Edith Stein and Eugen Fink. … Husserl often used the words “transcendental” and “phenomenology” interchangeably to describe the special method of the eidetic reduction by means of which the phenomena are described.

What is Husserl’s point of view regards to consciousness?

Husserl’s approach is to study the units of consciousness that the respective speaker presents himself as having—that he “gives voice to”—in expressing the proposition in question (for instance, while writing a mathematical textbook or giving a lecture).

What are the key characteristics of phenomenology?

Phenomenology as a method has four characteristics, namely descriptive, reduction, essence and intentionality. to investigate as it happens. observations and ensure that the form of the description as the things themselves.

How phenomenology can help us?

Phenomenological research helps us understand what it is like to experience a specific situation or life event. By describing the stories of people who actually lived through a particular experience and their perceptions of it, your research can cut to the heart of what it was truly like.

What is the use of phenomenology in your life?

Phenomenology approach is used to collect data and understand a phenomenon based on a person’s everyday life experience (Priest 2002). According to (Byrne 2001) , ‘as qualitative researchers, phenomenologist must follow an organized approach to answering their research question’.

What is the concept of phenomenology?

Phenomenology is a philosophy of experience. … The task of the philosopher, according to phenomenology, is to describe the structures of experience, in particular consciousness, the imagination, relations with other persons, and the situatedness of the human subject in society and history.

What is phenomenology method?

The phenomenological method aims to describe, understand and interpret the meanings of experiences of human life. It focuses on research questions such as what it is like to experience a particular situation. … Phenomenology has roots in both philosophy and psychology.

What is the opposite of phenomenology?

ontology, phenomenology – Ontology is the branch of metaphysics concerned with the nature or essence of being or existence, the opposite of phenomenology, the science of phenomena.

What is the method of phenomenological reduction?

Phenomenology uses the reduction to entirely set aside existential questions and shift from existential affirmation or negation to description. It is a method involving a bracketing or parenthesizing (in German: “Einklammerung”) of something that had formerly been taken for granted in the natural attitude.

What is the two types of reduction?

As described in the example above, there are two main types of reductions used in computational complexity, the many-one reduction and the Turing reduction.

What is the types of reduction?

There are two reduction methods: Direct reduction where every fragment under direct vision is restored. Indirect reduction where the direction is done without direct view on the fracture.

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