What Was The Purpose Of The 12 Labors?

He prayed to the god Apollo for guidance, and the god’s oracle told him he would have to serve Eurystheus, the king of Tiryns and Mycenae, for twelve years, in punishment for the murders. As part of his sentence, Hercules had to perform twelve Labors, feats so difficult that they seemed impossible.

What were the 12 labors of Hercules as his punishment for killing his family?

It was Eurystheus who imposed upon Heracles the famous Labours, later arranged in a cycle of 12, usually as follows: (1) the slaying of the Nemean lion, whose skin he thereafter wore; (2) the slaying of the nine-headed Hydra of Lerna; (3) the capture of the elusive hind (or stag) of Arcadia; (4) the capture of the wild …

Why did killing the Hydra not count as a labor?

Heracles then proceeded back to the body to dip his arrows in the Hydra’s poisonous and acidic blood. When Heracles returned triumphant, King Eurystheus refused to acknowledge slaying the Hydra as a completed labor because Heracles had received assistance from Iolaus. So this was a labour that did not count.

What was Hercules 2nd labor?

The labors were his punishment for killing his wife and six sons after Hera had driven him temporarily mad. The Hydra was Hercules second labor. He attempted to cut off the heads of the beast but every time one was cut off, two more would grow back in its place.

What was Hercules 3rd labor?

Hercules’ Third Labor: the Hind of Ceryneia. For the third labor, Eurystheus ordered Hercules to bring him the Hind of Ceryneia.

Where did the 12 labors of Hercules take place?

The most famous of all his myths are the Twelve Labors. In a fit of madness, Heracles killed his wife Megara. He asked the Oracle of Apollo in Delphi how he could atone. He was told to travel to Tiryns and do the tasks asked of him by King Eurystheus(his cousin through his mortal mother).

What are the 12 labors of Hercules in order?

The Twelve Labors

  • Slay the Nemean Lion. …
  • Slay the Lernean Hydra. …
  • Capture the Golden Hind. …
  • Capture the Erymanthian Boar. …
  • Clean the Stables of King Augeas. …
  • Defeat the Stymphalian Birds. …
  • Capture the Cretan Bull. …
  • Bring Back the Mares of Diomedes.

Who was the ugliest god?

Facts about Hephaestus

Hephaestus was the only ugly god among perfectly beautiful immortals. Hephaestus was born deformed and was cast out of heaven by one or both of his parents when they noticed that he was imperfect. He was the workman of the immortals: he made their dwellings, furnishings, and weapons.

What killed Hercules?

Hercules was killed by one of his most powerful weapons, itself a relic of one of his most famous adventures. The venom of the Lernean Hydra was used to poison the arrows he used in later adventures, and eventually led to his death.

How Hercules killed the Hydra?

In the canonical Hydra myth, the monster is killed by Heracles (Hercules) as the second of his Twelve Labors. According to Hesiod, the Hydra was the offspring of Typhon and Echidna. … Heracles required the assistance of his nephew Iolaus to cut off all of the monster’s heads and burn the neck using a sword and fire.

What did Hera do to Hercules?

Hera suckled Hercules at her own breast until the infant bit her nipple, at which point she pushed him away, spilling her milk across the night sky and so forming the Milky Way.

Is Hercules immortal?

Knowing that as a god, Hercules is immortal, Hades sends his two lackeys, Pain and Panic, to kidnap Hercules and turn him mortal by means of a magic potion. … Too late, Zeus and the other gods discover the kidnapping. Because Hercules is now considered a mortal, however, they are unable to take him back to Olympus.

What Centaur’s actions led to the death of Heracles?

In his life, Heracles fought the most dangerous of monsters, from the Lernaean Hydra to the Nemean Lion, had battled with Gigantes, and had fought against entire armies of mortal men, and yet the manner of his death came about because of the trickery of a centaur and the jealousy of his wife, Deianira.

What did Hercules do after the 12 labors?

After he completed the 12 Labors, Hercules didn’t just sit back and rest on his laurels. He had many more adventures. One was to rescue the princess of Troy from a hungry sea-monster. Another was to help Zeus defeat the Giants in a great battle for the control of Olympus.

What was the hardest labor for Hercules?

The 12 labors of Hercules makes him one of the most admired and well-known heroes in Greek mythology, and Hercules 10th labor was the most complex labor he completed.

How many heads does a hydra have?

Hydra, also called the Lernean Hydra, in Greek legend, the offspring of Typhon and Echidna (according to the early Greek poet Hesiod’s Theogony), a gigantic water-snake-like monster with nine heads (the number varies), one of which was immortal.

What was Perseus primary heroic task?

Perseus is a major hero from Greek mythology best known for his clever decapitation of Medusa, the monster who turned all who looked at her face into stone. He also rescued Andromeda from the sea monster.

What are the 10 labors of Hercules?


  • Slay the Nemean lion.
  • Slay the nine-headed Lernaean Hydra.
  • Capture the Ceryneian Hind.
  • Capture the Erymanthian Boar.
  • Clean the Augean stables in a single day.
  • Slay the Stymphalian birds.
  • Capture the Cretan Bull.
  • Steal the Mares of Diomedes.

How did Atlas trick Hercules?

Encounter with Heracles

Upon his return with the apples, however, Atlas attempted to trick Heracles into carrying the sky permanently by offering to deliver the apples himself, as anyone who purposely took the burden must carry it forever, or until someone else took it away.

What crime did Hercules commit?

Driven mad by Hera, Heracles slew his own children. To expiate the crime, Heracles was required to carry out ten labours set by his archenemy, Eurystheus, who had become king in Heracles’ place. If he succeeded, he would be purified of his sin and, as myth says, he would become a god, and be granted immortality.

Why was Artemis angry at Hercules?

The golden deer was very sacred to Artemis, and the king and Hera hoped that by having Hercules capture her sacred golden stag, that this would anger Artemis and she would put an end to Hercules.

Does a Hind have horns?

Stag or Hind

A doe bearing antlers was unknown in Greece, but the story of the hind is suggestive of reindeer, which, unlike other deer, can be harnessed and whose females bear antlers. The myth relates to the Hyperborea, which may have been the archaic origin of the myth itself, as Robert Graves thought.

What are the Augean stables?

: a condition or place marked by great accumulation of filth or corruption.

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