The two earliest violin makers in recorded history are both from northern Italy: Andre Amati from Cremona and Gasparo di Bertolotti from Salon (Gasparo di Salon). With these two violin makers, the history of the violin emerges from the fog of legend to hard fact.
When was the viol used?
viol, also called viola da gamba, bowed, stringed musical instrument used principally in chamber music of the 16th to the 18th century.
Why was the viol created?
A small treble-range viol, the pardessus de viole (2006.504), was invented in France mid-century, likely to allow women to play music meant for newly popular violins and flutes. French luthiers like Nicolas Bertrand added a seventh string to the viol, increasing its range to the A below the low D (89.4.
Does viola da gamba have frets?
The bow is also held differently from the violin, and the viola da gamba has frets like a guitar, but these frets are moveable. So, while it is a bowed string instrument, it is more related to the guitar family than the violin.
Are fiddles violins?
Western classical players sometimes use “fiddle” as an affectionate term for the violin, that intimate companion and workmate. But in the United States, most often “fiddle” means the violin as used in Irish-Scottish-French traditional music and all the descendant American styles: Appalachian, bluegrass, Cajun, etc.
How was the viol played?
The viols were bowed instruments with frets. They were usually played held downwards on the lap or between the legs (the name viola da gamba translates to leg viol). … Viols were popular in England long after they had been replaced by the violin on the Continent.
How heavy is a viol?
Weight – Due to the variation in size, the viola weight more than the violin. An average viola is approximately 1.3 pounds (580 g) heavy, while a violin is lighter and weighs about 1 pound (460 g).
When was piano invented?
The piano was invented by Bartolomeo Cristofori (1655-1731) of Italy. Cristofori was unsatisfied by the lack of control that musicians had over the volume level of the harpsichord. He is credited for switching out the plucking mechanism with a hammer to create the modern piano in around the year 1700.
What family does the viol belong to?
The violin family comprises the violin, the viola, the cello (violoncello), and the double bass; it forms the backbone of the modern symphony orchestra.
Why are Stradivarius so expensive?
Supply and Demand: One reason the value of a Stradivarius violin is so dear is because there are so few of them left, and they are no longer being made. Simple economics dictates that when there is a demand but little supply, value increases.
What is the difference between a viol and violin?
So what are the differences between a viola and violin? The most obvious difference you’ll notice when you place a violin and viola next to each other is their size. The viola is bigger, with an average body length of between 15.5 and 16.5 inches for adults, compared to the violin which is between 13 and 14 inches.
How much does a viola da gamba cost?
Prefer to sell the instruments as a set. Tenor viol price is $5,000. Bass viol price is $7,500.
Who invented the violin and when?
The credit for the first violin is usually given to a Cremonese luthier named Andrea Amati who had made his name originally as a lute builder. He created at least two three string violins in the 1540s. He was then commissioned to build one of the first four-string violins by the wealthy Medici family in the 1550s.
Is viol a Scrabble word?
Yes, viol is in the scrabble dictionary.
What does a Sackbut look like?
Unlike the earlier slide trumpet from which it evolved, the sackbut possesses a U-shaped slide, with two parallel sliding tubes, which allows for playing scales in a lower range. … In modern English, an older trombone or its replica is called a sackbut.
What is it called when a player pluck the strings?
Pizzicato (/ˌpɪtsɪˈkɑːtoʊ/, Italian: ; translated as “pinched”, and sometimes roughly as “plucked”) is a playing technique that involves plucking the strings of a string instrument. … On bowed string instruments it is a method of playing by plucking the strings with the fingers, rather than using the bow.
What is the meaning of viol in English?
: a bowed stringed instrument chiefly of the 16th and 17th centuries made in treble, alto, tenor, and bass sizes and distinguished from members of the violin family especially in having a deep body, a flat back, sloping shoulders, usually six strings, a fretted fingerboard, and a low-arched bridge.
What is the hardest instrument to play?
Top 10 Hardest Instruments to Play
- French Horn – Hardest Brass Instrument to Play.
- Violin – Hardest String Instrument to Play.
- Bassoon – Hardest Woodwind Instrument to Play.
- Organ – Hardest Instrument to Learn.
- Oboe – Hardest Instrument to Play in a Marching Band.
Is the fiddle Irish?
The fiddle has ancient roots in Ireland, the first report of bowed instruments similar to the violin being in the Book of Leinster (ca. 1160). The modern violin was ubiquitous in Ireland by the early 1700s.