Though there are many varieties of buffaloes, the water buffalo contributes the most to the world’s milk production (2). Water buffaloes are divided into the river and swamp types. The river buffalo accounts for the majority of the milk production, while the swamp buffalo is mainly used as a draught animal (3).
Which is the best buffalo in India?
7 Most Important Breeds of Indian Buffaloes
- Murrah: The breeding tract is Rohtak, Hisar and Jind in Haryana, and Nabha and Patiala districts in Punjab. …
- Bhadawari: …
- Jaffarabadi: …
- Surti: …
- Mehsana: …
- Nagpuri: …
Which buffalo gives high fat milk?
Bhadawari buffaloes are specifically renowned for the high content of butterfat found in their milk, which ranges from 6.0 to as high as 12.5%.
Is buffalo milk A1 or A2?
Indian native breeds of cows and buffaloes are of A2 milk type and hence are a source for safe milk. The A1/A2 status of cattle is determined by the two alleles for beta-casein gene i.e. A1 and A2 and cattle may be homozygous for one type of protein (A1A1 or A2A2), or heterozygous (A1A2).
How many days Murrah buffalo give milk?
Murrah buffalo yield ranges in the range of 2500 to 3600 liters per lactation. For how many days does a Murrah Buffalo give milk? Murrah Buffalo gives milk for 270 to 300 days in a lactation which is comparatively longer than other buffaloes.
How many times buffalo get pregnant?
Pregnancy rates, based on rectal palpation, usually range from 50% to 60% with chilled semen, 25% to 45% with frozen semen, and over 60% for hand matings. A buffalo usually produces, on average, two calves every 3 years.
How much milk Jersey cow gives a day?
Dairy milk yield is found to be 20 liter whereas cross bred jersey, cow gives 8-10 liter per day.
How much does a buffalo eat daily?
Feed Cost of Buffalo
A meat buffalo eats about 30 to 40 pounds of hay a day. While a dairy buffalo needs almost 100 pounds of hay for meeting body needs. In case of meeting the whole year hay need, it will cost around $1,000 in the feed.
How much does a buffalo eat per day?
A rough estimation of voluntary intake for a buffalo heifer is 2.2 to 2.5% of its’ live weight per day, if provided with a small portion of straw, a large portion of green feed and some concentrate. A milk producing buffalo should be able to consume good quality feed up to 3% of its’ live weight.
What is the average age of buffalo?
The average lifespan of a cow or buffalo is 15 – 25 years but dairy animals survive only four to five years, due to the intense abuse they suffer in dairies. Once their milk production declines, they are sold to slaughterhouses for meat.
Which buffalo is known as mini elephant?
Banni buffalo, which are also known as “Kutchi” or “Kundi”, is a breed of buffalo found primarily in the Kutch district of Gujarat, India. The word ‘Banni’ is specific to not only the buffaloes but as well as the pasture grass species which are native to this region.
Is known as poor man’s cow?
Mahatma Gandhi described goats as “Poor man’s cow” since they are key in ensuring the socio-economic sustainability in villages of developing countries like India.
How many days cow give milk?
After the birth, the cow will generally produce milk for ten months before they are given a period of rest of about two months before the next calf is born. The period when a cow produces milk is called a ‘lactation’, during which the average UK dairy cow of the Holstein Friesian breed produces 7900 litres of milk.
Which is the best for dairy farm cow or buffalo?
It depends on various factors. Cows give more milk than buffaloes. But buffalo milk fat content is twice as much as cow milk so buffalo milk gets better price. Milking a cow can be automated using milking machines – for buffaloes it is difficult.
Which cow gives more milk?
Gir cow of Gujarat
This cow is known as the most milk-producing cow in the country. This cow is found in the Gir forests of Gujarat, hence its name has also been named Gir cow.
Is dairy farm profitable?
Despite being a cash crop, it does not give enough profit. Farmers have to suffer from delayed payments and also, non-remunerative prices. A small farmer who grows sugarcane makes only around ₹ 30,000-₹ 40,000 per year. But an animal farmer makes around ₹ 60,000-₹ 70,000 per year.
How much money is needed to start a dairy farm?
The cost of setting up a small-scale dairy business in India is usually around Rs. 10 – 20 lakhs, while it exceeds Rs. 1 crore in the case of large-scale business. This money is dependent on the size of your dairy farm and the facilities you wish to provide.
How do I choose the best Murrah buffalo?
Structure: The size, structure and shape of the buffalo also differentiates the price. A well built Murrah Buffalo with good height, heavy frame, good udder and tightly curved horn will sell for a higher price.
What are the two types of buffalo?
Understanding the buffalo
The buffalo falls into two main categories and these are the Water Buffalo and the Cape Buffalo. The water buffalo is also called the domesticated Asian Buffalo and it is found in Asia, North Africa, and Southern Europe.