French, though it has no official status, is still used in media (some newspapers) and education (from primary school), due to Algeria’s colonial history. Kabyle, the most spoken Berber language in the country, is taught and partially co-official (with a few restrictions) in parts of Kabylie.
Why do Morocco and Algeria speak French?
After independence, to facilitate economic growth and to increase its ties to Europe, the Moroccan government decided to strengthen its ties with France, resulting in the promotion of French.
Is French an official language in Algeria?
Algerian Arabic and Berber are the native languages of over 99% of Algerians, with Algerian Arabic spoken by about 72% and Berber by 27.4%. French, though it has no official status, is widely used in government, culture, media (newspapers) and education (from primary school), due to Algeria’s colonial history.
Is English spoken in Algeria?
Algeria is recognized as the second largest Francophone nation in regards to speakers. English is also taught in Algerian schools, and there have been calls to replace French in the education curriculum with English since the latter is the ‘language of science.
Who colonized Morocco?
The French Protectorate consisted of a majority, about nine-tenths, of Morocco. France controlled the Moroccan land to the south of the Spanish Protectorate. The capital city of the French Protectorate was Rabat (History of Morocco to the Present Day, Moroccansands.com).
Is Morocco a French colony?
1912 – Morocco becomes a French protectorate under the Treaty of Fez, administered by a French Resident-General. Spain continues to operate its coastal protectorate. The sultan has a largely figurehead role.
What is the main religion in Algeria?
The constitution declares Islam to be the state religion and prohibits state institutions from behaving in a manner incompatible with Islam. The law grants all individuals the right to practice their religion if they respect public order and regulations.
What is the most popular food in Algeria?
You probably heard of this one; Couscous is the most popular food in Algeria and is prepared each Friday and at funerals. Couscous is also called “Taam”, “Seksou”, “Berboucha” and “Naama”, depending on the city you’re visiting in the country. The tasty dish is cooked from durum wheat semolina, or barley, or white corn.
Is Algeria an Arab country?
More than three-fourths of the country is ethnically Arab, though most Algerians are descendants of ancient Amazigh groups who mixed with various invading peoples from the Arab Middle East, southern Europe, and sub-Saharan Africa.
Are there any French left in Algeria?
After Algeria became independent in 1962, about 800,000 Pieds-Noirs of French nationality were evacuated to mainland France, while about 200,000 remained in Algeria. Of the latter, there were still about 100,000 in 1965 and about 50,000 by the end of the 1960s.
How did Islam reach Algeria?
Islam was first brought to Algeria by the Umayyad dynasty following the invasion of Uqba ibn Nafi, in a drawn-out process of conquest and conversion stretching from 670 to 711. … The Almohads were zealously orthodox, and under their rule Algeria gradually acquired its notable religious homogeneity.
Who is the most famous person in Morocco?
The biggest celebrity in Morocco has remained King Mohamed VI since 1999. An untouchable star, commander of believers and head of state, son of Hassan II, he has controlled the country with an iron fist for the last 15 years.
What was the religion in Morocco before Islam?
Christianity, the second largest religion, has been in Morocco from the time before the arrival of Islam. There are few Jews in the country, most of them having relocated from Israel. A small number of Moroccans practice the Baha’i faith. In recent years the number of the non-religious has been increasing in Morocco.
Who first colonized Morocco?
The recorded history of Morocco begins with the Phoenician colonization of the Moroccan coast between the 8th and 6th centuries BCE, although the area was inhabited by indigenous Berbers for some two thousand years before that.
Why is Morocco poor?
Poverty in the country is associated with three factors. They are illiteracy, financial inequality, and economic volatility. All these elements contributed to the slow economic development of Morocco. It leaves almost nine million of its population on the poverty line.
What race is Moroccan?
Moroccans are primarily of Arab and Berber (Amazigh) origin, as in other neighbouring countries in Maghreb region. Today, Moroccans are considered a mix of Arab, Berber, and mixed Arab-Berbers or Arabized Berbers, alongside other minority ethnic backgrounds from across the region.
What are 5 interesting facts about Morocco?
The most interesting facts about Morocco
- There is also a Red City in Morocco. …
- 99% of Moroccans are Muslim. …
- Mint tea is the national drink of Morocco. …
- Snake charmers are a real thing in Morocco. …
- Morocco borders both the Atlantic Ocean and Mediterranean Sea. …
- Moroccan leather isn’t just a souvenir, it’s a attraction.
Can you drink alcohol in Algeria?
Alcohol is not widely consumed in Algeria and is often frowned upon. There are bars in most cities, but they can be seedy and not welcoming to women. International chain hotels often have more inviting bars.
Is Algeria rich or poor?
Algeria is a rich nation and the third most important economy in the Middle East and North Africa, but its people are poor. Reports show that the national rate of poverty in Algeria is as high as 23 percent.
Who is the most famous person in Algeria?
Famous people from Algeria
- Albert Camus. Novelist. Albert Camus was a writer.
- Yves Saint Laurent. Fashion Designer. …
- Patrick Bruel. Singer. …
- Daniel Auteuil. Actor. …
- Cheb Mami. Raï Artist. …
- Louis Althusser. Philosopher. …
- Enrico Macias. Chanson Artist. …
- Alain Mimoun. Olympic athlete.